RS and GIS for Archaeology
National Institute of Advanced Studies (NIAS) submitted a proposal on 'RS and GIS for Archaeology' to KJA for consideration. The main objective of the proposal is to demonstrate and document a process by which critical and valuable archaeological information can be derived and measured from using satellite Earth Observation images, and, also how these extracted information, when organised into a GIS database of other documented archaeological information (excavation reports, publications, etc) can substantially enhance understanding and knowledge about archaeological sites and cultural aspects. This project will be the proof of concept phase where the capabilities of the technologies will be demonstrated on a few sites. The research study proposes to analyse high resolution imagery (up to>0.5m), multi-spectral imagery, historical imagery, coarse resolution imagery, 3D imagery and radar imagery. All these images will be studied individually and anomalous features will be identified. All the detectable features will be studied individually on every image, and also through ground observation. The effort will focus on geo-tagging-assigning precise latitude/longitude coordinates-all known archaeological monuments, mounds and structures listed in archaeological reports. Geospatial layer thus created will be fused, merged, cross-referred and spatially analysed. DEM will be used to generate 3D views of the landscape, create fly-through simulations, understand flooding patterns and analyse the multi-layered GIS database in a 3D environment. By this all geospatial layers will be integrated forming a unique knowledge of a site with which measurements can be made and specific thematic maps can be generated. The demonstrative project will be completed in 1 year.
The proposal was discussed in the KJA-TC meeting held on September 17, 2014. KJA-TC endorsed the idea and suggested obtaining a detailed proposal for further discussion. KJA in its Second meeting held on September 22, 2014 endorsed the proposal. Chairman, KJA, advised to send the proposal to external experts for review and also to Principal Secretary, Department of Kannada and Culture for inputs.
- The detailed proposal was sent to two experts-Dr. R.R. Navalgund and Dr. Narasimhan-for their views. Both the experts recommended KJA to support the project.
- A presentation was made to Commissioner, Department of Archaeology and Museums and Heritage, Government of Karnataka for inputs. Considering the innovativeness of the project and need for technological intervention to identify important heritage sites of Karnataka, Commissioner recommended to KJA to support the proposal.
- Sanction Order to NIAS to start the work is in progress.